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Claude Henri de Saint-Simon (1760-1825)

As a liberal nobleman, Saint-Simon fought on the side of the colonialists in the American War of Independence (1775–83) and also took an active part in the French Revolution. By speculating with expropriated church property and land, he acquired a considerable fortune, which he soon lost again through his projects and his lifestyle. In 1806 he was ruined and lived in poverty until his death, but was highly active as a political writer during this period.

Saint-Simon's political theory is based on historical-philosophical considerations - social studies homework helper , an alternation between organic and critical or crisis periods through which society continues to develop. For him, the French Revolution marked the beginning of the transition phase in which modern industrial production began to assert itself against the feudal order. Saint-Simon describes any useful activity as industrial (including craft and agriculture) in contrast to the rentiers, landowners and the landed gentry. His advocacy of industrialization initially earned him the support of bankers and manufacturing entrepreneurs.

He combined the conversion to an industrial society with the achievement of social happinessor prosperity and designed an order that should lead to the enforcement of economic-industrial laws - law assignment help . This included a system of three chambers. Inventors, engineers and artists should sit in the first. The second he reserved for scientists, while in the third industrialists, bankers and farmers were supposed to economically implement the innovations proposed by the other two chambers. With this - according to SAINT-SIMON - social order based on sensible principles, industrial progress should be achieved for the benefit of all. To this end, he proposed a federation of European states. For his projects, SAINT-SIMON tried in vain to get the support of Tsar Alexander I and Ludwig XVIII. to win.

In the 1920s, however, he increasingly turned to the workforce . Because it was to lead to prosperity and education so that they can contribute to the increase of industrial wealth. In his open letter "Henri Saint-Simon a Messieurs les ouvriers" (1821) he therefore submitted a catalog of demands to them, including State-supported jobs, state-sponsored education and the development of cultural and leisure facilities. With the change of course, Saint-Simon lost the sympathy of the wealthy bourgeoisie.

After his death, the core ideas of Saint-Simon were expanded by his followers into a system known as Saint-Simonism . Were in charge here Bazard, Rodriguez and Efantin, in a series of lectures for

  • the abolition of individual inheritance law,
  • the public control of the means of production and
  • the gradual emancipation of women

entered. Supporters of Saint-Simon were also involved economically in several large projects - domyhomework club . Soon, however, Saint-Simonism took on sectarian traits and developed into a kind of secret society , whose members cultivated the cult of brotherhood . It quickly lost its importance in the 1930s after the police and authorities took massive action against its supporters. Efantin and two other leaders were sentenced to one year in prison.

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